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Bare wood areas can be difficult to remedy on fruit trees. Here are a few techniques to try: In spring, stimulate dormant buds by pruning back to just above the bare section. For large branches, before new growth starts in spring, remove a small section of bark from just above a dormant shoot where you want to encourage growth. This technique is known as notching, and aims to restrict the flow of suppressive. How to prune new apple and pear trees. When pruning, always use sharp secateurs to make pruning cuts, just above and sloping away from a bud.
Feathered maiden. First year. Cut back the central stem just above a wide-angled, strong shoot, approximately 75cm (2½ft) from the ground, ensuring there are three to four evenly-spaced shoots below. Fruit trees. From apples and plums to figs and oranges, many trees produce delicious fruits in summer and autumn. Compact forms are usually available, making them suitable for even the smallest gardens. Many fruit trees also produce pretty blossom, and some offer colourful foliage in autumn too.
Mar 01, The Royal Horticultural Society Pruning and Training (RHS) It costs less coming from the UK. I am growing a Belgium Fence around our property with 60 fruit trees.
This is a great book and the kind of bible of pruning, also for professionals.
Since I have no experience with espalier I went with the best authors and their best reference book on the market. I was not disappointed/5.